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Using estar in Spanish

10 May, 2017 Popular Articles
Using estar in Spanish3 votes. 4.83 / 5

"Estar" is one of the most useful verbs in Spanish. It can be used to decribe location, physical, mental, feelings, and emotional states. "Estar" means "to be" in English. In this lesson, we will learn how to use estar in Spanish and find out what are different forms of estar

How to use estar in Spanish

The "to be" verb in Spanish, estar, is used to describe location, health, or any condition that is only temporary. Let's take a look at some examples below:

Examples:

Describe feelings

Estoy muy enojado - I am very angry

¿Estás cansado? - Are you tired?

Describe the condition of places or things:

La casa está limpia - The house is clean

Mi habitación está ordenada - My room is tidy

La tienda está cerrada - The shop is closed

You can see that those conditions, feelings, or states are temporary. Or in other words, a close shop will eventually open, a tidy room will soon become disorganized.

However, if you want to describe a permanent condition of something, you must use "ser". 

Examples:

Sus ojos son azules - Her eyes are blue

Mi abuelo es profesor - My grandpa is a teacher

See: How to use ser in Spanish for more information.

Some common adjectives that are often used with estar:

  • caliente - hot
  • ordenado - tidy
  • helado - icy
  • oscuro - dark
  • limpio - clean
  • sucio - dirty
  • lleno - full
  • vacio - empty
  • triste - sad
  • nervioso - nervous
  • feliz - happy
  • cansado - tired
  • ocupado - busy
  • enojado - angry
  • preocupado - worried
  • adolorido - sore

You may want to see: Verbs like gustar

Forms of  estar in Spanish

Present tense forms of estar

Yo estoy
Tú estás
Ud., él, ella está
Nosotros/as estamos
Vosotros/as estáis
Uds., ellos, ellas están

Forms of estar in Spanish

Forms of estar in Spanish

How to ask someone how do they feel in Spanish?

Yo  ¿Cómo estoy?How am I?
Tú  ¿Cómo estás?How are you? (e.g., to a friend)
Ud. ¿Cómo está Ud?How are you? (e.g., to your boss)
Nosotros/as  ¿Cómo estamos?How are we?
Vosotros/as  ¿Cómo estáis?How are you? (e.g. to a group of friends)
Uds.   ¿Cómo están Uds.?How are you? (e.g., to a group of co-workers)

Examples:

¿Cómo está tu madre? - How is your mother?

Ella está muy cansada por el viaje - She is very tired because of the trip

¿Cómo estoy, Doctor? - How am I, Doctor?

Hope that our lesson today can help you know how to use estar in the right context. Follow our site to improve your vocabulary, grammar, and get instant Spanish to english translation!