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Spanish possessive pronouns

30 May, 2017 Popular Articles
Spanish possessive pronouns2 votes. 5 / 5

In the previous lesson, we've learnt about Spanish possessive adjectives. A possessive adjective shows us to whom the noun belongs. A possessive pronoun is used in place of a noun and a possessive adjective. And while possessive pronouns are the equivalent of his/her/yours/theirs/mine/its in English, they are not used exactly in the same way in Spanish as they are in English. Here in this article, we will show you list of forms of Spanish possessive pronouns and guides on how and when to use them.

Forms of Spanish possessive pronouns

 Masculine SingularMasculine PluralFeminine SingularFeminine Plural

First person singular (yo) - mine 

míomíosmíamías

Second person singular (tú) - yours (familiar)

tuyotuyostuyatuyas

Second person formal singular (usted) - 

yours (formal), his, hers

suyosuyossuyasuyas
Second person plural (ustedes)suyosuyossuyasuyas

First person plural (nosotros) - ours

nuestronuestrosnuestranuestras
Second person plural (vosotros) - yours vuestrovuestrosvuestravuestras
Third person singular (él, ella)suyosuyossuyasuyas
Third person plural (ellos, ellas)suyosuyossuyasuyas

How to use Spanish possessive pronouns

Spanish possessive pronouns are pretty similar to the possessive adjectives. However, they are normally preceded by a definite article, the equivalent of "the" in English. 

For example:

Esta casa es la suya - This house is yours

Amo a mi esposa. Él no ama a la suya. - I love my wife. He doesn't love his.

The definite article is usually omitted when the possessive pronoun comes after the verb ser:

For example:

El carro grande es mío - The big car is mine

El carro pequeño es suyo - The small car is hers

Suyo and the related forms can be ambiguous. This is due to the fact that they can mean his/hers/yours/theirs/its. So when the context doesn't make its meaning clear, the possessive pronoun can be dispensed and replaced by a prepositional phrase such as de él (instead of his) or de ellos (instead of theirs).

Spanish possessive pronouns

Spanish possessive pronouns

Another examples of using possessive pronouns in Spanish:

Mi departamento está lejos de aquí, pero el suyo está cerca
My apartment is far away from here, but theirs is close

¿Es el celular de Malena? - No, el suyo no tiene funda
Is this Malena's cellphone? - No, hers doesn't have a case

Este libro no es mío. Es tuyo - This book isn't mine. It's yours

Cuido de tus mascotas como si fueran las mías - I take care of your pets as if there were mine

La casa pequeña es suya - The small house is hers. (unclarified)

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