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Spanish possessive adjectives - Long form and short form

15 May, 2017 Popular Articles
Spanish possessive adjectives - Long form and short form3 votes. 0.67 / 5

A possessive adjective is defined as an adjective used to show the ownership. Or in other words, it shows us to whom the noun belongs. Possessive adjectives come before a noun in the sentence. In this article, we will show you different forms of possessive adjectives in Spanish.

Spanish possessive adjectives

There are two forms of Spanish possessive adjectives: Long form and short form

Spanish short form possessive adjectives

Short form possessive adjectives come before the noun that they modify. They must agree with the given noun in both gender (feminine or masculine) and number (singular or plural).

See gender of nouns in Spanish for more information.

Short form possessive adjectives will be listed out below:

SingularPluralTranslation
mimismy
tutusyour (familiar)
su sushis/her/its/your (formal)/their (formal)
nuestro/nuestra nuestros/nuestras our
vuestro/avuestravuestros/vuestras your (formal)

For example:

El color de mi vestido es negro - The color of my dress is black

¿Dónde están tus zapatos? - Where are your shoes?

Nuestra casa es muy grande - Our house is very big

Note:

  • Spanish definite articles: el, la, los, and las are omitted when the possessive adjective precedes the noun.
  • You shouldn't use possessive adjectives when possession is obvious. For example: bodyparts, clothing, etc.

For example:

Me duele el brazo - My arms hurts

Me lavo el cabello - I wash my hair

Spanish possessive adjectives - short formShort form of Spanish possessive adjectives

Spanish long form possessive articles

Spanish ong-form possessive adjectives are used less often than short form ones. This is due to the fact that they are used to emphasize the owner of a given noun or to contrast one owner with another. Long form possessive adjectives come after the noun that they modify. And just like short form ones, they must agree with the noun in both gender and number.

SingularPluralTranslation
mío/míamíos/míasmine
tuyo/a tuyos/as your, yourstuyos/tuyasyours (familiar)
suyo/suyasuyos/suyas his, hers, yours formal/theirs,yours formal
nuestro/nuestranuestros/nuestrasours
vuestro/vuestravuestros/vuestrasyours (familiar)

Examples:

El carro es mío - The car is mine

The handbag is hers - La cartera es suya

The apples are ours - Las manzanas son nuestras

Is this seat yours? - ¿Es este asiento suyo?

¿Mi casa está muy desordenada, y la tuya? - My house is very messy, and yours?

La mía está muy limpia - Mine is very clean

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