In the previous lesson, we’ve learnt about Spanish definite articles. And while definite articles in Spanish are the English equivalent of "the", indefinite articles in Spanish are the equivalents of "a", "an", "some", or "a few" in English. In this article, we will show you the definition of Spanish indefinite articles and their usage.
Spanish indefinite articles
Spanish indefinite articles are words used to refer to nouns which are non-specific.
- Just like definite articles, Spanish indefinite articles must match the number and the gender of the nouns that they modify.
See gender of nouns in Spanish for more information!
Different forms of indefinite articles will be listed out below:
¿Hay un elefante en este zoológico? - Is there an elephant in this zoo?
Quiero una galleta - I want a cookie
Hay unos niños en el patio - There are a few children on the patio
Compré unas faldas nuevas ayer - I bought some new skirts yesterday
Forms of Spanish indefinite articles
- The masculine indefinite article "una" should be used when a feminine singular noun begins with "a" or "ha". However, when the same noun is plural, the feminine article is used.
|un águila||unas águilas|
|un arpa||unas arpas|
|un aula||las aulas|
|un hacha||unas hachas|
Spanish indefinite articles and usage
When to use indefinite articles in Spanish?
1. To express that there is exactly one of something
Tengo un libro de gramática - I have a grammar book
2. To describe a person using a noun
Mi hermano es un genio - My brother is a genius
3. To describe an approximate amount of something
Compró unos perros calientes - He bought a few hot dogs
When not to use indefinite articles in Spanish?
1. To describe an unknown amount of something
¿Hay calabaza en la sopa? - Is there a (any) squash in the soup?
2. To talk about religion, nationality, or jobs, professions
Soy profesora de español - I am a Spanish professor
Mis amigos son peruanos - My friends are Peruvian
Él es católico - He is a Catholic
- However,, use an indefinite article if you modify a religion, nationality, or profession with an adjective
Soy una profesora de español muy buena - I am a very good Spanish teacher.
3. To talk about possessions with tener
Ahora tenemos tele - Now we've got a TV
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