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Spanish indefinite articles

09 May, 2017 Popular Articles
Spanish indefinite articles2 votes. 4.75 / 5

In the previous lesson, we’ve learnt about Spanish definite articles. And while definite articles in Spanish are the English equivalent of "the", indefinite articles in Spanish are the equivalents of "a", "an", "some", or "a few" in English. In this article, we will show you the definition of Spanish indefinite articles and their usage.

Spanish indefinite articles

Definition

Spanish indefinite articles are words used to refer to nouns which are non-specific. 

Note:

  • Just like definite articles, Spanish indefinite articles must match the number and the gender of the nouns that they modify.

See gender of nouns in Spanish for more information!

Different forms of indefinite articles will be listed out below:

 SingularPlural
Masculineununos
Feminineunaunas

Examples:

¿Hay un elefante en este zoológico? - Is there an elephant in this zoo?

Quiero una galleta - I want a cookie

Hay unos niños en el patio - There are a few children on the patio

Compré unas faldas nuevas ayer - I bought some new skirts yesterday

Spanish indefinite articles

Forms of Spanish indefinite articles

Exceptions

  • The masculine indefinite article "una" should be used when a feminine singular noun begins with "a" or "ha". However, when the same noun is plural, the feminine article is used.
SingularPlural
un águilaunas águilas
un arpaunas arpas
un aulalas aulas
un hachaunas hachas

Spanish indefinite articles and usage

When to use indefinite articles in Spanish?

1. To express that there is exactly one of something

For example:

Tengo un libro de gramática - I have a grammar book

2. To describe a person using a noun

For example:

Mi hermano es un genio - My brother is a genius

3. To describe an approximate amount of something

For example:

Compró unos perros calientes - He bought a few hot dogs

When not to use indefinite articles in Spanish?

1. To describe an unknown amount of something

For example:

¿Hay calabaza en la sopa? - Is there a (any) squash in the soup?

2. To talk about religion, nationality, or jobs, professions

Examples:

Soy profesora de español - I am a Spanish professor

Mis amigos son peruanos - My friends are Peruvian

Él es católico - He is a Catholic

  • However,, use an indefinite article if you modify a religion, nationality, or profession with an adjective

For example:

Soy una profesora de español muy buena - I am a very good Spanish teacher.

3. To talk about possessions with tener

For example:

Ahora tenemos tele - Now we've got a TV

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