Object pronouns are defined as pronouns that serve as objects in sentences (the object to which the action is being done in a sentence). And since they act as objects, these pronouns receive the action of the subject in the sentence. In this article, we will see the definition of direct and indirect object pronouns, different forms of direct and indirect pronouns, how to identify and how to use them correctly.
Direct vs indirect object pronouns Spanish
1. Direct object pronouns Spanish
Definition: A direct object pronoun is a pronoun that replaces the direct object noun in a sentence which can be a person or a thing.
Different forms of direct object pronouns in Spanish
|First person||Me (me)||Nos (us)|
|Second person||Te (you - informal)||Os (you - informal)|
Lo (it, him - masculine) (you - formal)
La (her - feminine) (you - formal)
Los (them - masculine) (you - formal)
Las (them - feminine) (you - formal)
Direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns which can be a person
Llamaron a mi mama - They called my mother
La llamaron - They called her
Direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns which can be a thing
Sandra tiró la pelota - Sandra threw the ball
Sandra la tiró - Sandra threw it
Juan tiene la pluma - John has the pen
Juan la tiene - John has it.
Estoy comprando unos zapatos - I am buying some shoes
Los estoy comprando - I am buying them
So the direct object answers the question “what”/”whom” regarding to what the subject in the sentence is doing.
Examples of Spanish direct object pronouns
2. Indirect object pronouns Spanish
Definition: An indirect object pronoun is a person or a thing for whom/to whom an action or something is done.
Jenny is writing a letter to her father.
In this sentence, “Jenny” is the subject, “is writing” is the verb, “a letter” is the direct object.
And “father” is the indirect object since he is the person for whom the action “write” is being performed.
So you could say:
Jenny is writing a letter to him.
And in this sentence, “him” refers to Jenny’s father. The indirect object noun has been replaced by a pronoun.
Different forms of indirect object pronouns in Spanish
|First person||Me (to/for me)||Nos (to/for us)|
|Second person||Te (to/for you - informal)||Os (to/for you - formal)|
|Third person||Le (to/for it, her, him, formal you)||Les (to/for them, formal you)|
Gabriel le compró una rosa a Anita - Gabriel bought a rose for Anita
Gabriel le compró una rosa - Gabriel bought a rose for her
Samuel le tiró la pelota a Juan - Samuel threw the ball to Juan
Samuel le tiró la pelota - Samuel threw the ball to him
Forms and examples of Spanish indirect object pronouns
Here are some verbs that usually take a person as an indirect object in Spanish.
- comprar(le) algo - to buy something for someone
- contar(le) algo - to tell something to someone
- dar(le) algo - to give something to someone
- decir(le) algo - to say something to someone
- escribir(le) algo - to write something to someone
- mandar(le) algo - to send something to someone
- mostrar(le) algo - to show something to someone
- pedir(le) algo - to ask something of someone
- regalar(le) algo - to give (a gift) to someone
- servir(le) algo - to serve something to someone
- traer(le) algo - to bring something to someone
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