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Basic Spanish medical words and phrases

08 Jul, 2017 Popular Articles
Basic Spanish medical words and phrases8 votes. 4.06 / 5

Below is a list of basic Spanish medical vocabulary. This list is very important when you want to describe your condition as well as associated symptoms while abroad. It's a key to get the assistance that you need.

Spanish medical words and phrasesCommon medical words and phrases in Spanish

Spanish medical words and phrases

General medical words and phrases

  • Doctor - doctor/doctora/médico/médica
  • Nurse - enfermero/enfermera
  • Pain - dolor
  • Sick (adjective)/Patient (noun) - enfermo/enferma
  • I'm sick - Estoy enfermo
  • Disease/illness/sickness - enfermedad
  • Symptom - Síntoma
  • Pharmacy - la farmacia
  • Medicine - la dedicina
  • Ambulance - la ambulancia
  • Hospital - el hospital
  • Help! - ¡Socorro!
  • I have pain - Tengo dolor 
  • I need a doctor! - ¡Necesito un médico!
  • It's an emergency! - ¡Es una emergencia!
  • Call an ambulance! - ¡Llame una ambulancia!

Asking about your symptoms

  • What symptoms do you have? - ¿Qué tipo de síntomas tiene?
  • Do you have pain? - ¿Tiene dolor?
  • Where do you have pain? - ¿Dónde te duele?

Talking about your problem

  • What is the problem? - ¿Cuál es el problema?

I have a pain/ache of ___. - Tengo dolor de ___.

For example: 

Tengo dolor de cabeza - I have a headache

Tengo dolor de garganta - I have a sore throat

  • stomachache - estómago
  • toothache - muelas
  • sore throat - garganta
  • sore ears - oídos

My ___hurt/hurts. - Me duele/duelen la/el/las/los ___.

For example:

Me duele el brazo - My arm hurts

Me duele el hombro - My shoulder hurts

Me duele la espalda - My back hurts

See: Human body parts in Spanish

I have ___. - Tengo ___.

For example:

Tengo un resfriado - I have a cold

Tengo fiebre - I have a fever

  • a cold - un resfriado
  • a fever - firbre
  • the flu - la gripe
  • nausea - nauseas
  • an infection - una infección
  • a virus - un virus
  • an allergy - una alergia
  • insomnia - de insomnio

I need ___. - Necesito ___.

For example:

Necesito un somnífero - I need sleeping pills

  • bandages - curitas
  • a cast - un yeso
  • crutches - muletas
  • antibiotics - antibióticos
  • cough syrup - jarabe para la tos
  • prescription - una receta médica

Other common medical words

  • Vomit - vómito
  • Diarrhea - diarrea
  • Fatigue - fatiga
  • Vomit - vómito
  • Diarrhea - diarrea
  • Fatigue - fatiga
  • Low blood pressure - Presión baja
  • High blood pressure - Presión alta

You may want to see: Common Spanish travel words and phrases.

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